Since the summer vacation, the number of children with solar dermatitis has increased significantly. Mostly the skin diseases are caused by outdoor activities such as traveling.
Xiao Ming is 4 years old this year. He attended a kindergarten for a summer vacation, and his parents took him out to travel. On the way to play, Xiao Ming’s arms, neck and calves were exposed for a long time. These areas showed symptoms of redness and itching. Parents had to give up the travel plan and take the child back to hospital.
Solar dermatitis, commonly known as “sunburn”, is often characterized by erythema, edema, blisters, pigmentation, and scaling. Children’s skin is delicate and the ability to resist ultraviolet rays is relatively weak. In the summer, when they are outdoors for a long time, they are prone to skin sunburn, redness, and severe blisters. In general, the best way to prevent solar dermatitis is to do sun protection.
When going out, wear an umbrella, a wide-brimmed hat and a long-sleeved shirt, or apply sunscreen to the exposed parts of the skin. It is best to choose the time before the 9:00 am or after 4 pm, avoid the strongest time in the midday sun, and try to choose a cool place. If there is a slight sunburn, the skin becoming red or peeling, move to a cool place as soon as possible, and apply a cold towel to the sunburn to relieve skin swelling. If it is mild sunburn, it can be coated with calamine lotion, which has astringent and antipruritic effects. If the sunburn is serious, such as blisters, local burning sensation or skin exfoliation, please go to the hospital for a dermatologist.